Galey & Lord Sludge Fields

Site Contact:
David Andrews
On-Scene Coordinator


Site Location:
610 Quiet Brook Road
Darlington, SC 29540

The site consists of approximately 304 separate agricultural fields (~9875 acres) that received treated sludge from the former Galey & Lord Plant Site (Society Hill, SC/ EPA Site ID C433) industrial waste treatment plant (WTP) from 1993 until 2013. Though the Site constitutes a large footprint within Darlington County, South Carolina, the administrative address is 610 Quiet Brook Road. The current focus of Site Assessment and Removal Operations is on six residential properties with ground water wells contaminated with several per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), notably perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) significantly above both current EPA Advisory concentration of 70 ng/L (parts per trillion) and Site Specific Removal Management Level of 400 ng/L. The source of the contamination is suspected of being connected to the land farming of the WTP sludges from the former Galey & Lord textile mills. From 1966 until 2016 the Galey and Lord textile mill manufactured woven cotton and cotton/polyester blended apparel fabrics and wool blends that involved spinning, weaving and dyeing and finishing. PFAS was commonly utilized in the textile industry as a fabric finishing additive. The mill conducted waste treatment operations at the facility during its entire history. Under a NPDES permit, WTP sludge was land applied during the plant's operational years.

On July 17, 2019, DHEC referred the Site to the Emergency Response, Removal, Prevention, and Preparedness Branch (ERRPPB) to conduct a Removal Site Evaluation (RSE).

On January 23,2020 an Action Memorandum was signed to approve funding to conduct removal operations to mitigate well water contamination on six residential properties.