In 2013 at the request of the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC), EPA conducted the plugging of four leaking oil wells in the Village of Limestone, Cattaraugus County, New York.
In 2020 one of these four previously plugged oil wells (well # BD-02) was observed actively leaking crude oil into the Tunungwant Creek, a tributary of the Allegheny River, where there was a potential for the crude oil to be released into the Allegheny River. Both waterways are navigable waterways of the United States.
This crude oil production well was operated prior to 1946, and had subsequently been abandoned. This type of well is known as an orphan well.
A deed and title search has not identified any additional responsible parties since the last EPA plugging action on the site.
EPA initiated a project known as the Bailey Drive BD02 Site which will involve the re-plugging of the abandoned and orphaned crude oil production well This project is being conducted under the authority of the Clean Water Act and the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA90). This project is being funded with federal money from the OPA90 Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund.
FPN E20203 (Previous activity performed under FPN E13205)