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Moody Landfill Fire

Site Contact:
U.S. EPA Region 4 | 404-562-8400


Site Location:
1317 Annie Lee Rd
Moody, AL 35004
NRC#: 1356206

The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Region 4, has collected and reviewed air sampling data collected since early January 2023 at the Moody Landfill Site in Moody, Alabama. Air samples were collected by the Superfund Technical Assessment and Response Team (START) from two locations onsite near burning material and two locations offsite at residential properties near the site. Three 8-hour samples were collected from each of these locations. Additional 15-minute air samples were collected from a fifth location that was located on the site. This sample was collected to evaluate potential differences in airborne contaminants in an area where the smoke appeared to be a different color. All samples were analyzed for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs).

Some chemicals were identified in air samples collected on or near the site that exceed Removal Management Levels (RML) which are chemical-specific concentrations that help define areas, contaminants, or conditions where a cleanup or mitigation measures known as a removal action may be appropriate. EPA mobilized additional resources to the site, established additional air monitoring and sampling, and took steps to identify and implement measures to extinguish the fire. Information has been provided to the public as it becomes available.

The US EPA is continuing efforts to maintain the landfill. In recent months, subsurface smoldering areas ("hot spots") have been thoroughly excavated, drenched with large volumes of water and backfilled. Recent air sampling along the perimeter in December 2023 has showed a ten-fold decrease in volatile organic compounds including benzene. EPA will continue these landfill maintenance activities over the coming months and conduct periodic air sampling events in an effort to monitor site conditions.  

Recommended Actions for the Public

EPA is working with the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) to review data and appropriately evaluate the potential effects of the smoke from the fire. In the meantime, if nearby residents are concerned and wish to reduce potential exposure to landfill fire smoke, the following actions are recommended:

  • If you have respiratory problems such as asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), or emphysema, stay indoors when you see or smell smoke.
  • Reduce your outdoor activities, and do them more slowly, when you see or smell smoke.
  • Close the doors and windows of your house to keep smoke from getting inside.
  • Talk to your health care provider if you have respiratory conditions such as asthma, COPD, or emphysema, and you think your condition may get worse when you breathe smoke.

More Information


 View an interactive map with air monitoring locations, Air Sampling Data, and more at this link. 


Air monitoring efforts concluded on March 24, 2023. Click the Documents Tab of this page to view data summarizing air monitoring samples collected using EPA's Viper wireless remote monitoring system.

A Map is available for viewing GIS information.