The Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM) referred the Exide Battery Site in Frankfort, Indiana to EPA in November 2014. The site is a 13-acre property that was previously operated by a battery manufacturer. According to IDEM, past complaints against the facility include alleged dumping of scrap batteries and acid in a 30-foot deep pit (1997), burying of scrap batteries into holes that were covered by concrete (2002), and fugitive dust dispersing into nearby neighborhoods during demolition (2012).
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In September 2014, IDEM screened surrounding residential properties with a x-ray fluorescence (XRF) detector, and found elevated concentrations of lead. Additionally, soil and groundwater samples collected at the site showed elevated concentrations of chlorinated solvents such as 1,1-dichlorethane, 1,1-dichloroethene, cis-1,2-dichloroethene, trans-1,2-dichloroethene, trichloroethene, and vinyl chloride.