The Jay-Cee Cleaners Site is located at 16163 Lankford Highway, approximately 300 feet south of the intersection of Lankford Highway (US Route 13) and Nelsonia Road (State Road 187), in the City of Nelsonia, Accomack County, Virginia. The Site is an approximately 1.1-acre parcel of land with an approximately 3,000-square-foot, single-story structure located at the center of the property (ECS Mid-Atlantic, LLC [ECS] 2007). The Site operated as a dry cleaner from approximately 1957 to 2003 and is currently unoccupied (ECS 2007). A Site Location Map is provided as Figure 1.
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In April 2007, a Phase II Environmental Site Assessment (ESA) was completed by ECS for the Jay-Cee Cleaners property. During the ESA, 11 soil borings were completed at various locations of concern throughout the property. Soil samples collected from three of the borings were analyzed for volatile organic compounds (VOCs); groundwater samples were collected from two of the borings and also analyzed for VOCs. Soil sample analytical results showed elevated concentrations of tetrachloroethene (PCE) and several PCE-related compounds, including cis-1,2-dichloroethene (DCE) and trichloroethene (TCE).
Following completion and review of the ESA, the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (VA DEQ) was notified of the elevated VOC concentrations. VA DEQ, in turn, notified EPA of the elevated concentrations. In September and October 2007, Tetra Tech, under the direction of EPA, collected groundwater samples from seven of the nearby residences for VOC analysis. PCE concentrations in three of the samples (two samples collected from separate residences and one duplicate sample) exceeded the EPA risk-based concentration (RBC), the established concentration at which a contaminant may be harmful, for PCE. TCE concentrations in two of the samples (one residential sample and one duplicate sample) exceeded the EPA RBC for TCE.